New report: The EU ignores its own court on conflict trade

Four years have passed since the EU Court of Justice ruled that products from occupied Western Sahara cannot be part of EU’s trade agreements with Morocco. Today, WSRW presents an extensive report showing the efforts that the EU is taking to politically undercut the ruling.
Published: 03.12 - 2020 09:54Printer version    
The European Union’s highest Court ruled in December 2016 that Western Sahara cannot be part of the EU’s trade deal with Morocco. Yet to date, the EU continues to import fisheries products from Western Sahara, directly supporting Morocco’s illegal claims to the territory. The only adjustment the EU has made following the landmark ruling, has been to admit that they are doing what they have always done.

Today, Western Sahara Resource Watch (WSRW) launches an extensive report outlining the scope of the illegal practice that the EU is undertaking:

● It accepts erroneous declarations of origin on customs documents and veterinary certificates issued by Moroccan authorities on occupied land;
● It accepts the inclusion of companies located in Western Sahara within the list of approved establishments of the Moroccan government;
● It waives customs duties on such goods;
● It actively hinders the gathering of data on the trade flow from the territory.

Download the report Above the Law - How the EU, blatantly, imports fish products from occupied Western Sahara, ignoring its own Court of Justice.

The EU's tacit support for Morocco's exploitation and untenable claim to Western Sahara has been a cause of deep frustration to the people of the territory. Morocco's military response to a recent protest by Saharawis against Morocco's plunder of their land has led to renewed armed conflict, imploding a UN-brokered truce of 29 years.

The Court of Justice of the EU in 2016 set as a prerequisite that the Saharawi people must consent in order for EU trade to take place with the territory. This never happened. The WSRW report documents that instead of trying to obtain a consent to continue its trade, the Commission misled the Parliament and Council by presenting false claims on the Saharawi people's opinions. Not a single association advocating for self-determination was ever in contact with the EU for the renegotiation of a renewed trade deal.

A lucrative part of the trade consists of the import of fishmeal and fish oil. In few other places in Europe is this more visible than a terminal in the port of Bremen: the centre for fishmeal imports to Europe. This report follows the routes of fishmeal from the occupied territories to Germany and shows that half of Morocco’s fishmeal exports to Germany in 2019 actually came from Western Sahara. Similarly, WSRW has tracked exports of fish oil from Western Sahara to the Netherlands and France. The fish products originate from unsustainable fishing activities carried out in the waters of Western Sahara.

The controversy of the EU-Western Sahara trade is illustrated through a shipment that is about to take place this week.

Yesterday, on 2 December 2020, a chemical tanker, Oramalia, arrived at the port of Tantan in Southern Morocco. Upon arrival to Tantan, the vessel is already half full, as it contains fish oil loaded in occupied Western Sahara over the course of the last week. In a few days, it will most likely head to a port in the EU, as it has done before.

The EU has made sure that trade with the occupied territory flows smoothly, both for the exporter in Western Sahara and the importer in the EU. The Moroccan government is allowed by the EU to issue permits to the exporter and put itself as the country of origin. Meanwhile the EU openly accepts the importer to buy products under a EU-Morocco deal that are produced at a location that is not part of Morocco.

"We call on the EU institutions, the EU member states and the involved companies to honour the rulings of the Court of Justice, and most of all the wishes of the people of Western Sahara. As it is now, the EU is directly undermining the Saharawi people's right to self-determination and the UN peace process. The EU has no right to enter into trade deals with Morocco covering Western Sahara without first obtaining the consent of its people. The EU should not place itself above the law", said Sylvia Valentin, chair of Western Sahara Resource Watch.


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Morocco occupies the major part of its neighbouring country, Western Sahara. Entering into business deals with Moroccan companies or authorities in the occupied territories gives an impression of political legitimacy to the occupation. It also gives job opportunities to Moroccan settlers and income to the Moroccan government. Western Sahara Resource Watch demands foreign companies leave Western Sahara until a solution to the conflict is found.
EU Court cases on Western Sahara for dummies


It's not easy keeping up with all the different legal proceedings relating to Western Sahara. For the sake of clarity, here's an overview of the five different cases at the Court of Justice of the European Union.
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